Compulsory Indian Language Paper For UPSC


Compulsory Indian Language Paper For UPSC 

The UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination is consist of nine papers. In which compulsory Indian language paper is called Paper A. This paper is qualifying in nature and the marks from this paper do not count in the final merit. But to clear this paper is very must. Aspirants can pass in this paper by getting at least 30% of total marks, i.e., 90 out of 300 marks. The other eight papers in the UPSC Civil Services Examination are 4 GS papers,2 Optional papers,English and Essay papers.

If aspirants do not clear this language paper, the UPSC will not disclose your marks in the GS, optional and essay paper. So, all the efforts done by aspirants will go in vain if aspirants will not take this paper seriously. Aspirants will also not know where they stand in terms of other papers of this UPSC Examination.

List Of Language Papers in UPSC: 

Here is a list of languages which aspirants can choose from for their UPSC language paper.


Language                             Script

Assamese                             Assamese

Bengali                                  Bengali

Gujarati                                 Gujarati

Hindi                                     Devanagari

Kannada                                Kannada

Kashmiri                                Persian

Konkani                                Devanagari

Malayalam                            Malayalam

Manipuri                               Bengali

Marathi                                 Devanagari

Nepali                                   Devanagari

Oriya                                     Oriya

Punjabi                                 Gurumukhi

Sanskrit                                Devanagari

Sindhi                                   Devanagari

Or Arabic

Tamil                                    Tamil

Telugu                                  Telugu

Urdu                                     Persian

Bodo                                   Devanagari

Dogri                                   Devanagari

Maithili                               Devanagari

Santhali                               Devanagari

Or Olchiki


Structure Of Paper A in UPSC Mains Exam


Essay writing                       100 marks

Reading comprehension     60 marks

Précis writing                        60 marks


English to the compulsory

language chosen for             20 marks


Translating the Compulsory

Indian language to English   20 marks


Usage of grammar and 

basic language  –                 40 marks

Sources For Language Paper A

  • Questions asked in this paper are of matriculation or equivalent standards.
  • CBSE school level books of std.X will be sufficient for this paper.
  • 15 minute daily newspaper reading of your language paper.
  • Last year questions practice to get a clarity.

The other language paper in the UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam is the compulsory English language paper, which requires certain special focus by all aspirants . There are a some point  to tackle the Compulsory English Paper in UPSC Civil Services Exam following which every UPSC aspirants can walk over the paper with ease.

How to prepared economics for UPSC?


How to prepared economics for UPSC?

 Economics is very  important subject in UPSC. First of all you need to understand basic economics than you need to know the concepts like GDP, REPO, Reverse REPO, Cash reserve ratio (CRR), Statutory liquidity ratio (SLR), Inflation indices, Growth, Inclusion, Development so on and so forth. At this stage your text books and class notes will help you a lot but you need to apply these fundamental concepts like ‘Why we do we need to reduce CRR’, ‘What will happens when we increase REPO rate’ etc. So, these are the applications of the fundamental concepts. If aspirants preparing for UPSC Civil Services Exam are confused about one particular subject, that is Indian Economy! Candidates are doubtful about the approach and study-materials for Economics section of IAS Prelims and Mains. They keep on asking about the single, all-in-one-book to cover Economics.

Economics is literally the toughest nut to crack for majority of IAS aspirants in both IAS Prelims and Mains. Many aspirants search for a ultimate book for this but that does not exist in economics and you need multiple sources to prepare, because it is a huge course. Few phases are analytical and technical including the use of mathematics, graphs, equations, numbers etc.

Why to study economy? By Vedanta  IAS academy-

Study economy provide people with valuable insight into: some important study materials is given below.

  • NCERT Books of 6th to 12th
  • Ramesh Singh’s Indian Economy
  • Read The Hindu (Economy sections without fail)
  • Economic Survey (always read recent edition)
  • Budget: Railway, Annual Financial Statement (AFS)
  • Join Vedanta IAS academy online/offline classes
  • How foreign and domestic markets operate (Stock exchange, Indian banking, monetary policy, fiscal policy etc.)
  • financial literacy
  • financial management and planning

UPSC gives a significant weightage to economics in both pre and main exam.

  • Microeconomics deals with decision making at level of individual entity (like Government, household, firms and public financial institutions etc.)
  • Macroeconomics deals with behaviour of aggregates.
  • Indian Economy deals with economy at the level of India.
  • International Economy deals at international level (like World Bank)

Both Indian and International economy are co-related and affect each other very significantly.

Mains Syllabus of Economics

  • Indian economy and issues related to planning, mobilization of resources, growth and development etc.
  • Employment Issues, Inclusive growth and issues arising from the same.
    • Poverty and its eradication
    • Financial inclusion
    • Policies and Programmes for inclusive growth
  • Government Budgeting
  • Major Crops cropping pattern in the country and irrigation systems, storage, transport, marketing. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies, Public distribution system, buffer stocks and food security, technology missions.
  • Economics of animal-rearing, Food processing and industries etc.
  • Land reform, Effect of liberalization on Economy and industrial growth, Infrastructure (Energy, port, roads, airports, railways etc. Investment models.


Tips to Score High Marks in UPSC by Vedanta IAS academy


Tips to Score High Marks in UPSC

The Civil Services Examination (CSE), which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), is one amongst the toughest examinations in the country. The Preliminary is the first stage also known as screening round in the selection process. Most of the Civil Service aspirants believe that clearing the screening round is tough because of the massive competition. In the IAS Preliminary examination, which will be held in objective type of comprises of 2 compulsory papers. Working in the civil services is, for the most part, a rewarding, valuable career choice. Getting into it however, is a whole different ball game. One involving innumerable cups of coffee, little to no sleep and frequent bouts of existential panic. The UPSC exams require a massive amount of preparation, and take a mighty toll on you mentally, physically and emotionally.

Important Topics In Civil Services Preliminary Exam –

When lakhs of aspirants lock their horns in the Civil Services Examination, one should be unique in preparation to stand out from the crowd. Many successful Civil Service aspirants believe that mastering the weightage topics at the initial stage will help a lot.

 Tips To Crack UPSC 2020 Examination: by Vedanta IAS academy

Prepare A Suitable TimeTable : Analyse your status long before the examination and plan your schedule accordingly. When it comes to civil services exams, last-minute preparations never work. Since the civil services exams take place every year, there is always a plenty of time to plan how many days you would want to allot for certain subjects.
You should plan your study method in such a way that you should be able to read and revise the prescribed subjects as many times as possible or till you feel confident about your preparation.

 Keep Yourself Updated With Current Affairs:

Civil services exams are there to test an aspirant’s in-depth knowledge about the society he/she is lives in. It is a common myth among the candidates that they should be well aware of what is happening at the international level. Knowledge about international events is also required, but knowing one’s own village, district, state, and country should be considered as the foundation for one’s preparation. This does help in serving one’s country very well.

Practice Previous Years Question Papers:

Solving previous years question papers is important. It is advised to study at least 5 years solved question papers. This kind of activity gives you an idea about the structure of the questions papers and what kind of questions can be asked in the coming exams. Solving question papers of previous years or at least glancing at them may appear a tedious task, but it is a pain worth undergoing. It does boost your confidence and give you a clear picture of what exactly you are going to see in the question papers of upcoming exams. Many civil services related sites have useful question banks at your disposal. So go ahead and utilize them to the fullest and you will experience the leap your personality takes from being blank to being focused and confident.

 Focus On Your Personality And Communication Skills:

Interview is one of the most important parts of the examination. It is vital for you to convey your thoughts clearly to the interviewers. Hence, concentrate on polishing your communication skills and body language. Having an in-depth knowledge of essential subjects is vital for any civil servant. However, for a candidate to become a good civil servant, it is important that they come prepared to function even during stressful and demanding situations. This is why it becomes essential to judge the overall personality of a candidate and Personality Test (Interview) is conducted. Personality development is a long-term process and requires the development of certain habits and traits. However, improving your personality is not an impossible task.

Be Honest To Yourself:

The interview part of the civil services exams is not designed to judge one’s expertise on a subject. However, a candidate has to speak from the heart or answer all the questions with honesty. It is not necessary that all the quotes are equally applicable to all aspirants. Choose two or three quotes that have inspired you the most. Write them on a piece of paper and paste it in your study room. It will act as a constant reminder and help continue your preparation with greater zeal. Honesty is not an outward attitude you add on to your personality when required and take it off when not needed; honesty is the very foundation of who you are. Honesty is not a behavior; it is a science of measuring yourself against the world. If you are not honest, then you lose all possibilities of learning and growing.

How To Prepare Notes For UPSC IAS Exam


How To Prepare Notes For UPSC IAS Exam

Most common questions asked by the many UPSC Civil Services Exam Aspirants regarding making notes are; why it is necessary to make notes every day? How to make notes from such voluminous study material? Is there any time when one should start making notes? So here we will provide a detailed UPSC Notes Making Strategy.

1- Notes making is an essential part of your UPSC Preparation but that doesn’t mean you start making notes from the very first day when you start reading.In the first reading of your textbooks don’t start making notes there and then.First time just read , understand and only underline in the book.In the second time reading you are ready to make notes because while second time reading you will better understand important points that are necessary to remember.

2- While making notes aspirants should keep one thing in his mind that notes must be crisp and easy to understand. Don’t just make it another textbook. Write in bullet points because long paragraphs do not add extra value to your notes. To write in bullet points is  the best way so practice in this way.

3- Sometime you have to update your notes because the UPSC IAS Exam is a year long process.In this period of time things change, many new developments will be there so it would be difficult to update notes in your notebook so try to use a digital platform.

4- Still many aspirants did not find it easy to use digital platforms so all such aspirants are suggested to use A4 size paper loose sheet for notes preparation. Don’t use register for notes making because register acts as a barrier when it comes to adding any updation in any particular topic

5- Notes making is always looks like lengthy process but this is the most beneficial part of your preparation.So try to make notes on every subject, notes must be short because it is very useful for last-minute revision.

6- When it comes to a making notes of current affairs from newspaper, editorial then you have to be very careful. Because these are directly or indirectly related to some or other subjects. So make notes from these sources in bullet points, after this you have to relate it with subjects and use all these points in your answer for fetching very good marks in UPSC Exam.

7- While making notes aspirants may do some experiments according to their needs . Like aspirants may use diagrams, flowcharts, infographics etc.

It would be easy to remember for all of you. Aspirants may use any techniques according to their situation and need .

Special Economic Package – Lockdown 4.0


Special economic package

Remain careful and follow rules more ahead 21st century belong to India – let’s turn crisis into an opportunity we can contribute in upliftment of humanity.

Special economic package to make India- reliant

Around 20 lacks crores which is around the 10%of GDP. We need to complete for a place in the global supply chain. It’s time to be vocal to locals. Local met our demands local save us.

  • PM Modi said finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman would announce further details in the next few days.
  • The special economic package to help the nation to fight the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Prime minister Modi said India has changed a natural calamity into an opportunity.
  • PM Modi said the focus of the economy would be on cottage and village small scale industries Sector. PM Modi said that the package was for those who work day and night for the country.
  • PM Modi said the middle class which pays taxes and contributes to the growth of the country will also benefit from the economic package. He said the same would be good for the industrial sector.
  • PM Modi said the global supply chain will play a major role in making India self-reliant. He also urged people to buy and endorse local products that are made of Indian origin.

Lockdown 4.0

The PM Modi said the fourth phase of lockdown would be launched in a few forms adding that it will be based on the suggestions given by the state government. The Birla tweets reply- he said the prime minister announcement and his mantra of self-reliant will inject new energy in the country and lift the country out of the atmosphere of despair.

India can become self-reliant based on 5 pillar

  1. ECONOMY.  Take quantum jumps and incremental gains.
  2. INFRASTRUCTURE. Synonyms with a modern India
  3. OUR SYSTEM. Based on take driven facilities.
  4. DEMOGRAPHY. Vibrant demography -our strength
  5. DEMAND. Utilized the potential, increase demand in the nation.

How to choose an Optional Subject ?


How to choose an Optional Subject

To choose a right optional subject or to choose optional subject in the right way is the question which many new aspirants find very difficult during their preparation phase.This is the question which haunts not only to the new aspirants but also to old one.

Since 2013,when UPSC introduced the  new pattern in which UPSC has done away with the second optional subject and now aspirants have to choose only one optional subject for UPSC Mains Examination with two papers each 250 marks. So it is advised to aspirants to choose the optional subject for the exam well ahead of time so that aspirants will have sufficient time for preparation of optional subject.

Still with the new pattern of UPSC in which aspirants have to choose only one optional they find it difficult. In the list of UPSC Optionals there is no subject that can be called the easiest optional subject. So there is no subject which is easy or tough. It depends only on aspirants.

How To Choose The Best Optional Subject?

After having discussion with many aspirants we conclude that many of aspirants were in the stage of dilemma about which Optional Subject to choose for UPSC Mains Examination. So here is a list of some basic steps which aspirants have to follow before choosing Optional Subject which is given below:

  • Optional Subject must be scoring.
  • Optional Subject must be scoring and easy to understand.
  • Aspirants must choose the Optional Subject that they find interesting while reading.
  • Resources like notes and coachings availability for preparation must be available for that Optional Subject.

These are the some of reasons which every aspirant must consider for choosing any Optional Subject for UPSC Exam. After considering all the reasons aspirants should decide optional subject.

Scoring Optional Subject:

Many aspirants choose their optional just because that optional subject was scoring in the last years. But they should choose their optional subject according to interest not because of the scoring trend of that optional. In the UPSC Exam there is no guarantee for anything . Any optional subject can be scoring this year but for next year you can’t predict anything. So you have to choose optional wisely.

A Popular Optional: 

Some of the Optional Subjects are very popular among the aspirants in UPSC Exam. Under this criteria subjects like Public Administration, History, Geography, Anthropology, Political Science and International Relation and Sociology are the most opted optional subjects.

However, which optional subject is scoring or which optional subject is popular is just a perspective. There are many people who cracked UPSC Exam with single digit rank with non popular Optional Subjects like Maths, Literature etc. So in the end it’s your preparation for the optional subject which will sail you through the UPSC Examination.

UPSC Preliminary Examination Resources


UPSC Preliminary Examination Resources

UPSC IAS Exam is all about good strategy, dedication in the right direction with authentic and reliable study resources . For the many new aspirants it’s a very difficult task what to read? What not to read? From where to read? Whether it’s right or not?

In order to ease the burden of our aspirants we came up with the list of all resources necessary for the UPSC Preliminary e Examination. However in the UPSC Exam nothing is sufficient but over the period you will develop your understanding about the process then that would be your key to success.


● The respective NCERTs are very much mandatory for your preparation. Books will prepare you for the next level.
● For the current events you have to read a Daily Newspaper (The Hindu or Indian Express) .
● Notes Making is compulsory for the revision.
● For latest policy updates you have to follow websites of the corresponding ministry.

Article-370 Jammu Kashmir

article 370
  • Introduction
    • According to the constitution of India, Article 370 provides certain provision to the state of Jammu and Kashmir granting it special autonomy.
    • The article says that the provision of Article 238, which was omitted from the Constitution in 1956 when Indian States were reorganized, shall not apply to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
    • B.R. Ambedkar, the principal drafter of the Indian Constitution, had refused to draft Article 370.
    • In 1949, the then prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru had directed Kashmiri leader Sheikh Abdullah to consult Ambedkar (Then law minister) to prepare the draft of a suitable article to be included in the constitution.
    • Except for defence, foreign affairs and communication, all other law passed by Indian parliament need to be passed by Indian Parliament need to be passed by the state government before they are made applicable. This was specified in the Instrument of Accession signed by Maharaja Hari Singh when the agreed to join the Union of India in 1947, instead of going with Pakistan.
    • As a result of this, the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir are governed by state-specific laws which come under the constitution of Jammu and Kashmir, instead of those for the rest of India.
    • This article, along with Article 5 that defines of contours of jurisdiction of Indian Parliament regarding lawmaking for the state, cannot be amended.
    • The 1952 Delhi Agreement also specified that the state should have its own flag in addition to the Union flag and they should have the same status.
    • This arrangement was further ratified by the 1974 agreement between the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the then Jammu and Kashmir Prime Minister Sheikh Abdulla (appointed by Hari Singh).
    • It was agreed that head of state called Sadar-i-Riyasat (or the Prime Minister) was to be elected by the state legislature.
    • The agreement apposed imposition of Article 352, empowering the president to proclaim general emergency in the state.


    Detail Explanation

    • Article 370 of the Indian constitution deals with the special status given to the states of Jammu and Kashmir.
    • It provides a fairly high degree of autonomy to the state, enables the state to have its own constitution (unique in an Indian context) which permits the state to give some special privileges to its “Permanent residents”.
    • One such special privilege is that only a permanent resident is that only a permanent resident can land in the state and citizens from other Indian state face some restrictions.


    What is Article – 370

    • Jammu and Kashmir’s citizens have dual citizenship.
    • Jammu and Kashmir’s national flag is different.
    • Jammu and Kashmir’s legislative assembly’s term is 6 years whereas its 5 years for the States of India.
    • The orders of the Supreme Court of India are not valid in Jammu – Kashmir.
    • Parliament of India may make laws in extremely limited areas in terms of Jammu and Kashmir.
    • In Jammu – Kashmir, if a woman marries a person of any other States of India, citizenship to the female ends.
    • If a woman marries a man in other Indian States, She loses her citizenship, whereas if any woman marries a Pakistani, She will be entitled to have a citizenship of Jammu and Kashmir.
    • Because of Section 370, RTI does not apply in Kashmir, RTE is not implemented and CBI-CAG does not apply. Indian laws are not applicable.
    • Shariat law is applicable to women in Kashmir.
    • There are no rights to panchayats in Kashmir minorities in Kashmir (Hindu-Sikh) does not get 16% reservation.
    • Due of section 370, Outsiders cannot own land in Kashmir.
    • Indian parliament doesn’t have any major rights over Kashmir it can only control issues of defence international relations and communication.


    History of Article – 370

    • At the time of independence it was argued that Kashmir was not ripe enough for integration and felt a need to keep it exempted from the basic fundamental right. This was the main reason for the insertion of Article 370.
    • The provision was drafted in 1947 by Sheikh Abdullah, who had by then been appointed Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir by Maharaja Hari Singh and Jawahar Lal Nehru.
    • Sheikh Abdullah had argued that Article 370 should not be placed under temporary provisions of the constitution. He wanted, ‘Iron clad Autonomy’ for the state, which centre didn’t comply with.


    Provision of Article – 370

    • Under Article 370, the centre has no power to declare financial emergency under Article 360 in the state. It can declare emergency in the state only in case of war or external aggression.
    • The Union government can therefore not declare emergency on grounds of internal disturbance or imminent danger unless it is made at the request or with the concurrence of the state government.


    Temporary Provision – The article come with a tag that said it was temporary giving hope that the state would also be integrated with time, however the day sadly has not yet come. The main clause for repealing this article was when there would be real peace and also when the people of the state approved of this arrangement.


    Special Provision – Along with Article 35A of the Indian constitution, it allows the state to prefer the Jammu and Kashmir “Citizens” for.

    • Employment under the state government.
    • Acquisition of immovable property in the state.
    • Settlement in the state.
    • Right to scholarships and such other form of aid as states government may provide.


    Pros & Cons

    Pros: –

    • The major advantages which residents of Jammu and Kashmir enjoys, is that no outsider is allowed to purchase land in Jammu and Kashmir. This is a big advantage as is protects lands of peoples from outsiders like rich businessman.
    • It’s not easy for outsider to operate their business here. This helps local residents in making more profit. It also reduces competition.
    • It has contained population blast in Jammu and Kashmir. Except the city of Jammu. There is very less population in other area.
    • It has contained prices of real estate. If article 370 is removed then the prices of property will go very high.


    Cons: –

    • Lack of Medical facilities. No Single private hospital is there in Jammu which includes adjoining districts.
    • Terrorism in state is because of 370 and because of Pakistan’s claim over Kashmir.
    • Lack of basic modern facilities like high speed internet, 24 hours electricity, 24 hours water supply.
    • Less competition makes the progress of students slow and dull.
    • No opportunity for state student’s to appear in other state exams.
    • No industrial sector available.
    • Jammu is always ignored in comparison to Kashmir just because it’s an international issue.
    • It has hindered the progress of our state to a large extent.
    • Corruption is much more in Jammu and Kashmir then from others because of special status and laws.
    • Only Muslim can become chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir, no Hindu can become CM of Jammu and Kashmir.
    • It has reduced the participation of non Muslim community in politics and other spheres.
    • Education has suffered a lot due to this.
    • Less GDP as well as revenue.
    • Less jobs and unemployment are the major problems due to this article.
    • Lacks of control of Government of India and their policies on our state.


    The Repealing of the Article – 370

    • The Article states under the clause 3 that the president may declare this article shall cease to be operative by public notification after recommendation of the constituent assembly of Jammu and Kashmir and is willing to recommend its revocation.


    Gender Bias

    • Many claim to have a negative through about the Article 370 as it disqualifies women from the state of property rights.
    • However it is less known that the article itself was gender neutral but the definition of permanent residents in the State constitution-based on the notifications issued in April 1927 and June 1932 during the Maharajah’s rule was thought to be discriminatory.


    Some Kay Points

    • Article 370 was eventually written by Gopalaswami Ayyangar. This article gives special status and autonomy to Jammu and Kashmir.
    • Because of Article 370, the Indian Parliament cannot increase or reduce the borders of the state in any way and the state is exempted from the complete applicability of the Constitution of India. The state is permitted to have its own constitution.
    • Central legislative powers over the state are reduced to just three subjects of defence, foreign affairs and communications.
    • Other constitution provision of the central Government is applicable in the only if the State Government gives nod to it.
    • The Article 370 could be abrogated or amended only if the State’s constituent Assembly makes recommendation for its.


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