Compulsory Indian Language Paper For UPSC
The UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination is consist of nine papers. In which compulsory Indian language paper is called Paper A. This paper is qualifying in nature and the marks from this paper do not count in the final merit. But to clear this paper is very must. Aspirants can pass in this paper by getting at least 30% of total marks, i.e., 90 out of 300 marks. The other eight papers in the UPSC Civil Services Examination are 4 GS papers,2 Optional papers,English and Essay papers.
If aspirants do not clear this language paper, the UPSC will not disclose your marks in the GS, optional and essay paper. So, all the efforts done by aspirants will go in vain if aspirants will not take this paper seriously. Aspirants will also not know where they stand in terms of other papers of this UPSC Examination.
List Of Language Papers in UPSC:
Here is a list of languages which aspirants can choose from for their UPSC language paper.
Structure Of Paper A in UPSC Mains Exam
Essay writing 100 marks
Reading comprehension 60 marks
Précis writing 60 marks
English to the compulsory
language chosen for 20 marks
Translating the Compulsory
Indian language to English 20 marks
Usage of grammar and
basic language – 40 marks
Sources For Language Paper A
- Questions asked in this paper are of matriculation or equivalent standards.
- CBSE school level books of std.X will be sufficient for this paper.
- 15 minute daily newspaper reading of your language paper.
- Last year questions practice to get a clarity.
The other language paper in the UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam is the compulsory English language paper, which requires certain special focus by all aspirants . There are a some point to tackle the Compulsory English Paper in UPSC Civil Services Exam following which every UPSC aspirants can walk over the paper with ease.
How to prepared economics for UPSC?
Economics is very important subject in UPSC. First of all you need to understand basic economics than you need to know the concepts like GDP, REPO, Reverse REPO, Cash reserve ratio (CRR), Statutory liquidity ratio (SLR), Inflation indices, Growth, Inclusion, Development so on and so forth. At this stage your text books and class notes will help you a lot but you need to apply these fundamental concepts like ‘Why we do we need to reduce CRR’, ‘What will happens when we increase REPO rate’ etc. So, these are the applications of the fundamental concepts. If aspirants preparing for UPSC Civil Services Exam are confused about one particular subject, that is Indian Economy! Candidates are doubtful about the approach and study-materials for Economics section of IAS Prelims and Mains. They keep on asking about the single, all-in-one-book to cover Economics.
Economics is literally the toughest nut to crack for majority of IAS aspirants in both IAS Prelims and Mains. Many aspirants search for a ultimate book for this but that does not exist in economics and you need multiple sources to prepare, because it is a huge course. Few phases are analytical and technical including the use of mathematics, graphs, equations, numbers etc.
Why to study economy? By Vedanta IAS academy-
Study economy provide people with valuable insight into: some important study materials is given below.
- NCERT Books of 6th to 12th
- Ramesh Singh’s Indian Economy
- Read The Hindu (Economy sections without fail)
- Economic Survey (always read recent edition)
- Budget: Railway, Annual Financial Statement (AFS)
- Join Vedanta IAS academy online/offline classes
- How foreign and domestic markets operate (Stock exchange, Indian banking, monetary policy, fiscal policy etc.)
- financial literacy
- financial management and planning
UPSC gives a significant weightage to economics in both pre and main exam.
- Microeconomics deals with decision making at level of individual entity (like Government, household, firms and public financial institutions etc.)
- Macroeconomics deals with behaviour of aggregates.
- Indian Economy deals with economy at the level of India.
- International Economy deals at international level (like World Bank)
Both Indian and International economy are co-related and affect each other very significantly.
Mains Syllabus of Economics
- Indian economy and issues related to planning, mobilization of resources, growth and development etc.
- Employment Issues, Inclusive growth and issues arising from the same.
- Poverty and its eradication
- Financial inclusion
- Policies and Programmes for inclusive growth
- Government Budgeting
- Major Crops cropping pattern in the country and irrigation systems, storage, transport, marketing. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies, Public distribution system, buffer stocks and food security, technology missions.
- Economics of animal-rearing, Food processing and industries etc.
- Land reform, Effect of liberalization on Economy and industrial growth, Infrastructure (Energy, port, roads, airports, railways etc. Investment models.
Tips to Score High Marks in UPSC
The Civil Services Examination (CSE), which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), is one amongst the toughest examinations in the country. The Preliminary is the first stage also known as screening round in the selection process. Most of the Civil Service aspirants believe that clearing the screening round is tough because of the massive competition. In the IAS Preliminary examination, which will be held in objective type of comprises of 2 compulsory papers. Working in the civil services is, for the most part, a rewarding, valuable career choice. Getting into it however, is a whole different ball game. One involving innumerable cups of coffee, little to no sleep and frequent bouts of existential panic. The UPSC exams require a massive amount of preparation, and take a mighty toll on you mentally, physically and emotionally.
Important Topics In Civil Services Preliminary Exam –
When lakhs of aspirants lock their horns in the Civil Services Examination, one should be unique in preparation to stand out from the crowd. Many successful Civil Service aspirants believe that mastering the weightage topics at the initial stage will help a lot.
Tips To Crack UPSC 2020 Examination: by Vedanta IAS academy
Prepare A Suitable TimeTable : Analyse your status long before the examination and plan your schedule accordingly. When it comes to civil services exams, last-minute preparations never work. Since the civil services exams take place every year, there is always a plenty of time to plan how many days you would want to allot for certain subjects.
You should plan your study method in such a way that you should be able to read and revise the prescribed subjects as many times as possible or till you feel confident about your preparation.
Keep Yourself Updated With Current Affairs:
Civil services exams are there to test an aspirant’s in-depth knowledge about the society he/she is lives in. It is a common myth among the candidates that they should be well aware of what is happening at the international level. Knowledge about international events is also required, but knowing one’s own village, district, state, and country should be considered as the foundation for one’s preparation. This does help in serving one’s country very well.
Practice Previous Years Question Papers:
Solving previous years question papers is important. It is advised to study at least 5 years solved question papers. This kind of activity gives you an idea about the structure of the questions papers and what kind of questions can be asked in the coming exams. Solving question papers of previous years or at least glancing at them may appear a tedious task, but it is a pain worth undergoing. It does boost your confidence and give you a clear picture of what exactly you are going to see in the question papers of upcoming exams. Many civil services related sites have useful question banks at your disposal. So go ahead and utilize them to the fullest and you will experience the leap your personality takes from being blank to being focused and confident.
Focus On Your Personality And Communication Skills:
Interview is one of the most important parts of the examination. It is vital for you to convey your thoughts clearly to the interviewers. Hence, concentrate on polishing your communication skills and body language. Having an in-depth knowledge of essential subjects is vital for any civil servant. However, for a candidate to become a good civil servant, it is important that they come prepared to function even during stressful and demanding situations. This is why it becomes essential to judge the overall personality of a candidate and Personality Test (Interview) is conducted. Personality development is a long-term process and requires the development of certain habits and traits. However, improving your personality is not an impossible task.
Be Honest To Yourself:
The interview part of the civil services exams is not designed to judge one’s expertise on a subject. However, a candidate has to speak from the heart or answer all the questions with honesty. It is not necessary that all the quotes are equally applicable to all aspirants. Choose two or three quotes that have inspired you the most. Write them on a piece of paper and paste it in your study room. It will act as a constant reminder and help continue your preparation with greater zeal. Honesty is not an outward attitude you add on to your personality when required and take it off when not needed; honesty is the very foundation of who you are. Honesty is not a behavior; it is a science of measuring yourself against the world. If you are not honest, then you lose all possibilities of learning and growing.
Motivational Blog for IAS Aspirants
This is called the power of positive thinking. Visualize yourself as a successful officer and life will bring you to that reality. UPSC every year conducts the civil services examination that screens candidates for selection in the IAS, IPS and other Central Services. Being one of the toughest examinations of India, Civil Services Examination requires rigours preparation and training. Some motivational tips given below which is provide by Vedanta IAS academy . The hardest thing in life is which bridge to cross and which to burn.” So the biggest challenge in UPSC, other than the massive syllabus, is the time it takes to prepare for the exams, because it is very difficult to keep your motivation and tempo and focus up and steady for 1.5 years. It is only you who can really push you and only you who can let yourself go. Arise, awake, and, stop not till the goal is reached. – Swami Vivekananda
Top 5 qualities improve by Vedanta IAS academy-
However, clearing the civil services examination may not be the ultimate test that one might encounter in their dream of becoming an IAS officer. Being part of the government machinery requires much more than academic qualifications and intelligence. Aspirants preparing to become IAS officers must possess certain qualities that are above the normal qualification criteria put down by the UPSC. Some of the key qualities that an IAS officer must have are given below:
Before you are a leader, success is all about growing yourself. When you become a leader, success is all about growing others.”
As an IAS officer acts as government representative at whichever position they are deployed. Being part of the government, the IAS officer needs to show exceptional leadership skills and guide others towards a unified goal of development and betterment of people of India.
Knowledge is the most important resource on the earth, and it is very important for an IAS officer to be knowledgeable in all areas of operations that they handle. Being knowledgeable will help them not only implement the governmental policies very effectively, but also help them to understand any administrative problems and plug any underlying loopholes in government machinery to solve the problems.
Hard Working & Committed
If you find preparation for IAS a cumbersome task, then what awaits you ahead is even more challenging. An IAS officer is in charge of looking after their administrative area; this means lot of responsibilities from different domains like law enforcement, developmental programs, administrative work and funds management. To manage and excel in all these, the officer needs to hardworking and committed to their work.
Honesty is the most important thing for any developing country. An officer with high sense of personal integrity and honesty can lead the charge against problems like corruption and put an end to this menace And Corruption is the biggest problem in government machinery and despite several efforts from numerous governments, no long lasting and effective solution has been found to this problem. Being responsible for administration, finance and law-order of a jurisdictional area, gives an IAS officer immense power to curb this problem. An officer with high sense of personal integrity and honesty can lead the charge against problems like corruption and put an end to this menace.
Good Communication Skills
Communication is very important for us. an able administrator, an IAS officer needs to posses good communication skills in verbal as well as written format. This will help the officer convey clear orders to its junior and avoid any confusion that may lead to administrative problems. Furthermore, an IAS officer will also need to meet high dignitaries and effective communication skills will come in handy here as well.
Best Habits For UPSC IAS Aspirants
Many UPSC IAS Exam aspirants eager to know the formula to crack UPSC Civil Services Exams . They frequently wanted to know the strategies of successful IAS candidates and so that they use that strategy during their preparation phase.
The answer for that question is no . Because there is no such strategy or any formula at all according to the best IAS academy in Delhi. But there are few great habits which make aspirants successful in this UPSC IAS Exam. There are few habits which are common to all candidates who cracked the UPSC IAS Exam, can also help you to crack this prestigious examination.
1- All the candidates who cracked this examination were able to use their time very effectively. They knew how to use their time effectively while preparation or during the mock tests. So Time Management is key which every aspiring UPSC candidate must know.
2- All the selected candidates were aware of selective reading. Every book written in any particular subject, practically not possible in this UPSC Exam. So they knew how to prioritize resources in the given time. This examination is all about information so you must know how to use any information to crack this examination.
3- Every selected candidate prepared notes for their revision. They knew the benefit of the notesmaking during this preparation journey. So all the aspiring candidates are suggested to prepare notes to better understand and to revise the concepts.
4- Selected candidates solved previous years question papers of the UPSC to get an idea about the pattern and types of questions. Then they planned their preparation . Apart from all this they practice mock tests as much as possible to know their strength and weakness. With this they solve their problem of time management.
5- All the selected candidates are very much consistent . They were having a good reading habit which they developed over the time. Daily reading of newspapers, current affairs and notes which are very essential to keep yourself informed about India and World. They used all these resources very well to crack this UPSC Examination.
6- Knowledge is very good information in the UPSC Examination but it’s useless
If you are not able to use that knowledge in your examination. So all the selected candidates revise everything 3 to 4 times before the examination.
An act done for 21 days becomes a habit , so every aspirant must follow these habits to crack UPSC IAS Examination.
Top 5 mantra to crack UPSC exam
If you think about become an IAS officer then you have to be consistent with your action and performance. It’s a long time process, which requires persistence and patience. You have to work hard with the hints of smartness. Here is the most important thing is you have to be must an excellent grip of general Studies. Here’ is the top 5 success mantra is given below.
1.must have books for your preparation
The NCERT books is enough to the preparation for UPSC prelims. When it comes to preliminary examination many of the questions are asked directly or indirectly from NCERT itself. After completion of NCERT books take some idea from ICSE books and there are some standard books. Which will help you to build an analytical base. This is going to help you to develop a basic idea about all GS subjects (Economy ,History ,polity .geography, environment, ecology) etc.
2.Make Revision and read newspaper
If you are studying around 5 hours then sincerely dedicated to 2 hours for Revision. This will sharpen your answer before the examination. Regular Revision makes you perfectly preparation for your examination. The newspaper provide information about current affairs which is indispensable for both IAS prelims and mains papers. The significance of reading newspapers for UPSC exam has increased tremendously.
3.Practice is more important-
The whole concept of UPSC exam preparation is dependent on a lot of practice. So practice is very important for us. You have to practice regularly, you have to write answer regularly and appear mock test- to check your preparation potential. The near perfection helps to you crack this examination. The more you practice before examination in the better Mark’s you can score in the real examination. It is important for aspirants to practice writing well framed answers covering all the dimensions with in the stipulated time.
4.Stay motivated your preparation
Motivation is very important as preparation of UPSC examination. You have to stay motivated throughout your preparation. If you want to become a winner then you must learn to walk alone first. Just believe in yourself. Even if you don’t pretend that you do and some point you will. Dreaming is not a bad but you should understand that daydreaming or letting your imagination run wild,will motivate you momentarily.
“The foundation of success in life is good health’’
You have to be physically and mentally fit throughout your preparation because your level of fitness is directly proportional to your efficiency. So follow healthy food habits and don’t eat a lot of junk foods, keep a minimal and consume more green leafy vegetable and drink more water, and maintain oxygen levels of your body. Here are some essential tips for a healthy body and mind.
- Sustainable weight management
- Prevent diseases and improve mood
- Longevity life
- Maintained diet and exercise regularly
How To Prepare Notes For UPSC IAS Exam
Most common questions asked by the many UPSC Civil Services Exam Aspirants regarding making notes are; why it is necessary to make notes every day? How to make notes from such voluminous study material? Is there any time when one should start making notes? So here we will provide a detailed UPSC Notes Making Strategy.
1- Notes making is an essential part of your UPSC Preparation but that doesn’t mean you start making notes from the very first day when you start reading.In the first reading of your textbooks don’t start making notes there and then.First time just read , understand and only underline in the book.In the second time reading you are ready to make notes because while second time reading you will better understand important points that are necessary to remember.
2- While making notes aspirants should keep one thing in his mind that notes must be crisp and easy to understand. Don’t just make it another textbook. Write in bullet points because long paragraphs do not add extra value to your notes. To write in bullet points is the best way so practice in this way.
3- Sometime you have to update your notes because the UPSC IAS Exam is a year long process.In this period of time things change, many new developments will be there so it would be difficult to update notes in your notebook so try to use a digital platform.
4- Still many aspirants did not find it easy to use digital platforms so all such aspirants are suggested to use A4 size paper loose sheet for notes preparation. Don’t use register for notes making because register acts as a barrier when it comes to adding any updation in any particular topic
5- Notes making is always looks like lengthy process but this is the most beneficial part of your preparation.So try to make notes on every subject, notes must be short because it is very useful for last-minute revision.
6- When it comes to a making notes of current affairs from newspaper, editorial then you have to be very careful. Because these are directly or indirectly related to some or other subjects. So make notes from these sources in bullet points, after this you have to relate it with subjects and use all these points in your answer for fetching very good marks in UPSC Exam.
7- While making notes aspirants may do some experiments according to their needs . Like aspirants may use diagrams, flowcharts, infographics etc.
It would be easy to remember for all of you. Aspirants may use any techniques according to their situation and need .
Common Mistakes in IAS Exam Preparation
UPSC IAS Exam is the toughest exam in a country where lakhs of aspirants appear every year in this exam to becoming an officer in India but only few aspirants make it into the final list.So if any aspirant wish to clear UPSC Exam he must avoid some most common mistakes for the selection in most prestigious Civil Services Exam.In this article most common mistakes are addressed to avoid while preparing for IAS Exam.
It is related to the UPSC Syllabus.Many aspirants start their preparation without understanding the syllabus or not follow the syllabus during preparation. They must not forget that the UPSC Syllabus is the most important aspect of the exam. Syllabus must be used as a boundary line . Hence aspirants are advised to follow the syllabus.
It is related to the Study Plan. Many aspirants in fact does not have any plan for exam. UPSC Exam is a year long process so aspirants required a proper study plan. Aspirants have to chart out the plan and stick to that plan. They must have a daily, weekly and monthly plan for their preparation.
It is related to the Resources.Aspirants do not follow the NCERT books. These books are very basic in nature but very important to read. Aspirants always rush towards advanced text books and ignore NCERT books.
It is related to Multiple Resources. Aspirants follow the multiple resources for one topic This is a grave mistake.
All the aspirants must follow only one or two resources for any topic.
It is related to Current Affairs. Aspirants do not give sufficient time to current affairs . Some time aspirants cover current affairs from the wrong source.Current affair is a very important part of the exam so they have to cover current affairs on a daily basis.
It is related to Notes Making. Many
aspirants ignore this advice of notes making. Notes will help all the aspirants to revise quickly before the preliminary and mains examination.So notes making is must in this examination.
It is related to a Mock Test. Aspirants are not serious about practicing the mock test. If any aspirant will look into previous year question papers of UPSC Exam, he will have a good idea about questions asked in the exam and direction of his preparation and from practicing mock tests he will know about his strength and weakness.
It is related to a Revision. Aspirants do not revise before the exam as it is very crucial for success in UPSC IAS Exam.
From the revision you will be able to recollect important information during the exam so every aspirant must do proper revision.
It is related to Quality Reading. Many aspirants believe that reading 15 or 16 hours a day is necessary for clearing UPSC IAS Exam. This is a myth which is not possible with full concentration. You should read 6 to 8 hours consistently.Study must be quality based if you want to crack IAS Exam.
It is related to Newspaper reading.
Many aspirants read a newspaper whole day or giving too much time for the newspaper and ignoring the other subjects. Which is not a proper way.
They have to give equal proportion of time to every subject if they want to Crack UPSC IAS Exam .
IAS Preparation Tips for College Students
We received many calls, emails and comments from IAS aspirants who are in the last year of college or just started college asking for how to start IAS preparation during these days. So here is a detailed strategy to all aspirants who are currently studying in their college and planning to appear in IAS examination later.
In this regard , the first and very important point is to understand the UPSC Civil Services Exam. What is the pattern of this exam, eligibility criteria etc. You have to think about your college studies like in which year you are? How many semesters are left? What is in the syllabus and required passing marks? etc in short at the same time you have to understand your academic year also because you can not leave your academics behind .In the same way you have to approach the UPSC IAS Exam. Try to understand the demand of the IAS Exam and What is the expectation of UPSC from young aspirants.
After the change in the pattern of UPSC Exam ,UPSC expects aspirants having quality of sound judgement, good knowledge.It does not want aspirants who are rote learner in this IAS Exam.So in the new pattern optional papers have been removed from prelims and restricted to only one optional with two papers in mains examination. Weightage of General Studies papers increased after these pattern changes.
Due to the increased importance of general studies paper in IAS Examination you have to start your preparation with GS papers during your college days. This would be a good start of your preparation of the UPSC Exam.
From Where To Start
Before going into a huge list of books we would suggest you to develop a habit of reading any good newspaper like The Hindu or Indian Express followed by monthly compilation of any good current affairs magazine.This is essential as you will get knowledge of your surroundings, India and World.
The Next Step
After developing a habit of newspaper reading ,you have to start your preparation of general studies subjects like history, geography, polity, economy etc.So at this stage you have to cover NCERTs related to these subjects. All these books will prepare you for the next step.As you are in college so don’t try to overburden yourself. Follow the process as you will have enough time to complete all these books.
As you are in college,so don’t be in the rush to do all things and endup by getting nothing. Options paper is a part of mains examination so if you are in college don’t bother about subject selection .In this time what you can do is if you wish to opt your graduation subject as an optional subject then go through UPSC Syllabus and understand it carefully then take any decision and other college students may choose their optional only if they are done with general studies preparation very well.
So the purpose of this discussion was to make you realize that the UPSC IAS Exam is not just an exam it’s a process.
Exam preparation required constant effort. Start your preparation from where you are, irrespective of educational background, and trust your journey.
How to crack IAS in first attempt
Union Public Service Commission is a body that conducts the Civil Services Examination every year. Aspirants from all over India appear in this exam. About 6 to 8 lakh aspirants fill the application form for this exam but 800 to 900 aspirants get their name in the final list. Out of these selected candidates, only less than a hundred candidates are those who made it in their first attempt. So here they are few but what is so special in these candidates? How did they crack the IAS Exam in the very first attempt? What was the strategy that they followed in the UPSC Preparation? Here we will answer every question regarding strategy about How to crack IAS Exam in the first attempt?
Understand the syllabus:
Many IAS aspirants feel that the syllabus of the UPSC Exam is of no use but this is the first wrong step. If you want to crack the IAS Exam in the first attempt then you have to understand the syllabus. You have to think that content given in the syllabus is something that you have studied before but here from the help of the syllabus you will have an idea about the required direction for the preparation. So divide the syllabus into many sections and proceed with your preparation plans.
Study according to syllabus:
Aspirants who are going to appear for UPSC CSE Exam have to plan their strategy according to the syllabus that starts with mains and pre-examination syllabus together and understand the pattern for both as for both the phases syllabus is slightly different.
Work on your Basics
Aspirants should focus on understanding the basic knowledge in the initial phase of preparation. For this they must know the source. For this purpose, they can go through the NCERT books which is very important.
Aspirants are advised to read one or two newspapers daily. For this purpose, they have to keep an eye on important government websites.It must be followed by one monthly current affairs magazine to keep yourself updated.
In the UPSC Exam you have to read everything under the sun and the same time you have to reproduce it in the exam so without notes it wouldn’t be possible for anyone to keep everything in mind in the exam.So you have to prepare notes for current affairs and other subjects according to your need.
This is a key to crack the IAS Exam in the first attempt. For this you have to start with UPSC last year Questions. By solving this you will get the idea about the questions asked in the UPSC IAS Exam and after this, you have to solve mock tests as much as you can.By doing this you will have a better idea about your preparation and about your weakness.
Revision is very important in the UPSC IAS Exam whatever you have prepared.
You have to revise everything at least 3 to 4 times before the examination. You can not skip any topic in this exam. Here you have to follow your notes if you want to Crack IAS Exam in First Attempt. Revise everything.
Routine and Proper Sleep
All the aspirants should follow the proper routine and disciplined life during the preparation phases. They have to chart out their plan for daily, weekly, and monthly plans.They have to be ahead of time if they want to Crack IAS Exam in the first attempt and at the same time, they have to maintain their health. Do some exercise and have proper sleep because this is a year-long journey. So prepare well for this exam.